If Vienna has a heart, it is the St. Stephen’s Cathedral, or Stephansdom in german. This church is the symbol of Vienna and stands as one of the most important gothic structures in Austria. When you start planning your trip to Vienna, this is a place you shouldn’t miss.
More than a million visitors went to see the St. Stephen’s Cathedral last year and we were one of those. This church is one of Austria’s most popular attractions, the main Roman Catholic church in Vienna and the seat of the city’s archbishop. It stands 137 meters high with a beautifully decorated roof and it represents more than 800 years of architectural history.
A visit to St. Stephen’s Cathedral is something essential for every visitor to Vienna.
We can say without a problem that we didn’t plan well our trip to Vienna. We got there with too many ideas and places to visit and we ended up getting lost more than anything else. But, one of the places we manage to pull ourselves together and visit was the St. Stephen’s Cathedral. All of this because of the view from the top that is clearly, the best view that you can have from Vienna as you can see on the pictures below.
But, before we start talking about the view, we have to say some words about the 800 years of history that belong to the St. Stephen’s Cathedral. We know it is going to be hard to be short when it comes to a place that witnesses so many important events in Habsburg and Austrian history. The Stephansdom saw so many things but one strikes me more than the rest: in 1741, Antonio Vivaldi’s funeral took place in the cathedral.
The History behind St. Stephen’s Cathedral
Around the 12th century, Vienna had become an important centre of german civilization and the four churches that stood in the city started to become too small for the number of people going there to pray. This is why St. Stephen’s Cathedral was founded in 1137. Ten years later, in 1147, the partially constructed church was dedicated to Saint Stephen in the presence of German nobles who were about to embark on the Second Crusade.
But, the history of this place dates to Ancient Roman times. In 2000, excavations for a heating system revealed some graves more then 2 meters below the surface that were carbon-dated to the 4th century. Nowadays, it is believed that an even older religious building used to stand there but there is little information about it.
The first version of the St. Stephen’s Cathedral was completed in 1160 but reconstructions and expansions kept the church growing until 1511. And, repair and restoration continue to the present day. This is how this church still stands today and this needs to keep going.
During the Second World War, the cathedral experienced nearly complete destruction. Initially, it was saved from intentional destruction at the hands of retreating german forces when Captain Gerhard Klinkicht ignored the orders from the city commandant to fire at the church and leave just debris and ashes.
But, on April 1945, some civilians set fire to nearby stores as the Red Army entered the city and this fire was carried by the wind to the cathedral. This proved to be nearly fatal to the building. The roof was severely damaged and collapsed over the tomb, crypts and other treasures. This is how the Rollinger choir stalls, carved in 1487, were lost. Although there was lots to be rebuilt after the war, St. Stephen’s Cathedral had a limited reopening in december 1948 with a full reopening in april 1952.
St. Stephen’s Cathedral Highlights
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is particularly famous of its magnificent towers which have dominated Vienna’s skyline for centuries. The tallest tower is nicknamed Steffl and stands 137 meters high over the austrian capital. St. Stephen’s Cathedral‘s massive south tower is its highest point and a dominant feature of the Vienna skyline. Its construction lasted 65 years, from 1368 to 1433 and it was heavily used as the main observation and command post during the Siege of Vienna in 1529 and the Battle of Vienna in 1683.
The north tower was originally supposed to mirror the south tower but the design proved to ambitious and the construction was halted in 1511 since the era of Gothic cathedrals was coming to an end. It was only in 178 that the tower was completed with a Renaissance cap, nicknamed the “water tower top” by the Viennese people. Nowadays, is stands 68 meters tall, almost half the height of the south tower.
It’s at the North tower that the the bells are housed. Those bells are the the reason why the composer Ludwig van Beethoven discovered the totality of his deafness. The history says that he saw birds flying out of the bell tower after the bells’ tolling but could not hear the bells. This was the moment the realized there was something really wrong.
The largest of the bells at St. Stephen’s Cathedral is called St. Mary, but is nicknamed Pummerin, and weights over 20 thousand kilograms. This bell is the largest one in Austria and the second largest swinging bell in Europe, after the one in Cologne’s Cathedral. Originally, the bell was cast from the cannons captured from muslim invaders in 1711. It had to be recast after it fell to the floor after the 1945 fire.
Another highlight from the St. Stephen’s Cathedral is the roof. It is beautifully ornately patterned with more than 230,000 coloured glazed tiles. On the south side, they form a mosaic of the double headed eagle that used to the symbol from the Austrian Empire and the Habsburg Dynasty. On the north side, there is the coat of arms of the City of Vienna and the Republic of Austria. The roof is so steep that it doesn’t need any cleaning besides the rain. From the top, it looks even more beautiful.
We visited the St. Stephen’s Cathedral with two things in mind. One of them was to see the view from the towers and the other was to visit the catacombs. There you can find the resting place of Prince Eugene of Savoy and Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. We didn’t manage to visit it but you can do it easily. Just follow the links on the end of this post and everything will be alright.
Don’t worry about the 343 steps that stand before the watch room on the tower. Nowadays, an elevator will help you in the climb and make the spectacular view over Vienna even more spectacular. From there you can see the entire old part of the city and the beautifully crafted tiles that form the shapes on the roof.
There is a variety of english language tours at the St. Stephen’s Cathedral. The most comprehensive one is the one where you learn everything about the cathedral, the catacombs, the south and north towers and the cathedral treasure. There is even a unique roof walk tour available between july and september! If you are not afraid of heights, this can be the tour for you.
What else can you do nearby?
St. Stephen’s Cathedral is Vienna’s most important landmark and the heart and soul of the city. Stephansplatz is the square where the church stands and marks the city geographical center. Around it you are going to find lots of restaurants and cafes, museums and other historical buildings. Below you can see our favorite ones.
If you get to St. Stephen’s Cathedral early on the day and want to have breakfast around the church, we can only advise you to find the Haas & Haas Teehaus on Stephansplatz. They have a wide variety of brunch options and the austrian apricot jam is to die for.
If you are looking to have lunch and is not worried about money, try Plachutta, Vienna’s best-known luxury restaurant. There you can have the tafelspitz, the favored dish of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
The Figlmüller is a great option for those traveling on a budget. There a lot of tips online saying that they have the best Wiener Schnitzel on the entire planet! You have to try it for yourself.
And, if you still need more history after touring the St. Stephen’s Cathedral, you should go straight to the Mozarthaus, the only surviving Mozart apartment in Vienna. Mozart lived there from 1784 to 1787 that he composed one of his most well known operas The Marriage of Figaro.
How can you get to St. Stephen’s Cathedral?
It is pretty easy to get to the St. Stephen’s Cathedral. Stephansplatz is the closest subway station and you can easily walk to the church from anywhere within the city center and the major tourist attraction there..
St. Stephen’s Cathedral (Stephansdom)
Stephansplatz 3, 1010 Wien
+43 1 515 52 3054